An article by Rajendra K. Pachauri:
Droughts and water shortages will increase in Portugal. This means that even though Portugal is small, it can set an example with great influence on the rest of the world in mitigating the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). It would also have to adapt to the impacts of climate change which are now inevitable on account of past concentration of GHGs. There is an inertia in the system which will continue with some impacts, whatever we do today and in the future.
Climate change is expected to affect future energy production and transmission. Hydropower production is likely to decrease in all sub-regions except Scandinavia. Climate change is unlikely to affect wind energy production before 2050, but will have a negative impact in summer and a varied impact in winter after 2050. Climate change is likely to decrease thermal power production during summer. Climate change will increase the problems associated with overheating in buildings. Although climate change is very likely to decrease space heating demand, cooling demand will increase although income growth mostly drives projected cooling demand up to 2050. More energy-efficient buildings and cooling systems as well as demand-side management will reduce future energy demands.
Climate change is likely to increase cereal yields in Northern Europe but decrease yields in Southern Europe. Climate change will change the geographic distribution of wine grape varieties and this will reduce the value of wine products and the livelihoods of local wine communities in Southern and Continental Europe.
Climate change is likely to affect human health in Europe. Heat-related deaths and injuries are likely to increase, particularly in Southern Europe.
Projected changes in the length of meteorological dry spells show that the increase is large in Southern Europe. In Southern Europe, soil water content will decline, saturation conditions and drainage will be increasingly rare and restricted to periods in winter and spring, and snow accumulation and melting will change, especially in the mid-mountain areas.
In Southern Europe, fire frequency and wildfire extent significantly increased after the 1970s compared with previous decades. The most severe events in France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey in 2010 were associated with strong winds during a hot dry period. Future wildfire risk is projected to increase in Southern Europe.
Dr. R K Pachauri, PhD
POP Movement, Inc