Shirin Ebadi was born to a family of practicing Muslims on June 21, 1947, in Hamedan, Iran. When Ebadi was 1 year old, she and her family moved to Tehran. As a child, Ebadi attended Firuzkuhi primary school, followed by Anoshiravn Dadgar and Reza Shah Kabir secondary schools. After passing her entrance exams, Ebadi spent the next three and a half years earning her law degree at Tehran University's Faculty of Law. Following a half year's apprenticeship, she started serving as a judge in 1969, while continuing to pursue her doctorate in private law at Tehran University. In 1975, Ebadi was appointed president of Bench 24 of Tehran's City Court, becoming the first female in the history of the Iranian justice system to achieve this distinction.